The Ma'an tribe, which superseded the Tanukhs and produced the greatest Druze hero, Fakhr-al-Din, had the same traditional origin. But instead of dispersing throughout the world after their separation, the full range of lineages can still be found within the Druze population. In 1031, the Druze community was closed to outsiders,4 and the teachings of Druzism have always remained a secret, sometimes not revealed to its own members. In 1957, the Israeli government designated the Druze a distinct ethnic community at the request of its communal leaders. Communities Uncovered: The Secretive Druze Religion - YouTube There are seven duties that all Druze are required to observe: recognition of al-Hakim and strict adherence to monotheism; negation of all non-Druze tenets; rejection of Satan and unbelief; acceptance of God’s acts; submission to God for good or ill; truthfulness; and mutual solidarity and help between fellow Druze. Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. [86][page needed][102][page needed]. Arabic-speaking esoteric ethno-religious group, Druze as a mixture of Western Asian tribes, Dwairy, Marwan (2006) "The Psychosocial Function of Reincarnation Among Druze in Israel", Minorities in the Middle East: A History of Struggle and Self-expression - Page 95 by Mordechai Nisan, The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status - Page 41 by Nissim Dana, Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture - Page 94 by Mohamed Taher, Asian and African Studies: Vol. The Druze were no different. Under Fakhr-al-Dīn II (Fakhreddin II), the Druze dominion increased until it included Lebanon-Phoenicia and almost all Syria, extending from the edge of the Antioch plain in the north to Safad in the south, with a part of the Syrian desert dominated by Fakhr-al-Din's castle at Tadmur (Palmyra), the ancient capital of Zenobia. Although the Druze consider ad-Darazī a heretic,[50] the name has been used to identify them, possibly by their historical opponents as a way to attach their community with ad-Darazi poor perception. In Syria, most Druzites live in the Jebel al-Druze, a rugged and mountainous region in the southwest of the country, which is more than 90 percent Druze inhabited; some 120 villages are exclusively so. [204] The Druze faith does not follow Sharia nor the Five Pillars of Islam, such as the Salah five times every day, paying the Zakat, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. [119] The second largest political party supported by Druze is the Lebanese Democratic Party led by Prince Talal Arslan, the son of Lebanese independence hero Emir Majid Arslan. there are a lot of secrets druze won't share in order to blend in societies that they belong in. God is "the whole of existence", rather than "above existence" or on his throne, which would make him "limited". The uprising was encouraged, for political reasons, by the British. The Druze faith extended to many areas in the Middle East, but most of the modern Druze can trace their origin to the Wadi al-Taym in Southern Lebanon, which is named after an Arab tribe Taymour-Allah (formerly Taymour-Allat) which, according to Islamic historian al-Tabari, first came from the Arabian Peninsula into the valley of the Euphrates where they had been Christianized prior to their migration into the Lebanon. The Druze allow divorce, although it is discouraged; circumcision is not necessary; they cannot be reborn as non-Druze; those who purify and perfect their soul ascend to the stars upon death; when al-Hakim returns, all faithful Druze will join him in his march from China and on to conquer the world;[150] apostasy is forbidden;[151] they usually have religious services on Thursday evenings,[152] and follow Sunni Hanafi law on issues which their own faith has no particular rulings about.[153][154]. In 2012, due to drift towards Salafism in Al-Azhar,and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood into leadership, the dean of the Faculty of Islamic Studies at Al-Azhar issued a fatwa strongly opposed to the 1959 fatwa. The initiated religious group, which includes both men and women (less than 10% of the population), is called al-ʻUqqāl (عقال "the Knowledgeable Initiates"). Küçük Ahmet Pasha was a rival of Fakhr-al-Din and a friend of the sultan Murad IV, who ordered the pasha and the sultanate's navy to attack Lebanon and depose Fakhr-al-Din. [54] As for Western sources, Benjamin of Tudela, the Jewish traveler who passed through Lebanon in or around 1165, was one of the first European writers to refer to the Druzes by name. This was discovered by applying our GPS tool to the genomes of over 150 Druze, along with Palestinians, Bedouins, Syrians and Lebanese to compare their ancestral origins. Through a clever policy of bribery and warfare, he extended his domains to cover all of modern Lebanon, some of Syria and northern Galilee. The Ma'ans chose for their abode the Chouf District in south-western Lebanon (southern Mount Lebanon Governorate), overlooking the maritime plain between Beirut and Sidon, and made their headquarters in Baaqlin, which is still a leading Druze village. Under the military leadership of Sultan Pasha al-Atrash, the Druze provided much of the military force behind the Syrian Revolution of 1925–27. Druze Woman Takes on a Male-dominated Society, Through a Lens Darkly . The Ashkenazi people who were brought to Palestine by the British army during their occupation of Palestine are not related to Palestine and are not the descendants of Moses or Abraham. And in fact, by exchanging their diverse Near Eastern genes with Middle Eastern populations – such as Syrians and Palestinians – the Druze people created a more mixed genome than their ancestors, or other Middle Eastern populations. After each drinker, the metal straw is cleaned with lemon rind. The men who do are called sheikh, and the women sheikha. In 1017, Hamza officially revealed the Druze faith and began to preach the Unitarian doctrine. Emir Mulhim exercised Iltizam taxation rights in the Shuf, Gharb, Jurd, Matn, and Kisrawan districts of Lebanon. Following their dramatic defeat, the Yemeni faction migrated to Syria in the Jebel-Druze region and its capital, As-Suwayda. Shows a marriage ceremony and the unique situation of the Druze residing in Israel. [86][page needed]. Some claim to be Muslim or Christian in order to avoid persecution; some do not. Those who master the secrets and teaching of the sect and who respect its … from God. Fact #3: Druze is a blend of Islam, Hindu, and Greek philosophy. The number 5 contains an unstated significance within the Druze faith, it's believed in this area that great prophets come in groups of five. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. The rebellion ended in brutal suppression of the Druze by General Sami Pasha al-Farouqi, significant depopulation of the Hauran region and execution of the Druze leaders in 1910. Jewish Bulletin of Northern California. [129] Other ancient Druze writings include the Rasa'il al-Hind (Epistles of India) and the previously lost (or hidden) manuscripts such as al-Munfarid bi-Dhatihi and al-Sharia al-Ruhaniyya as well as others including didactic and polemic treatises. The oldest and most densely-populated Druze communities exist in Mount Lebanon and in the south of Syria around Jabal al-Druze (literally the "Mountain of the Druzes"). As too often here your prejudice, ignorance & nonsense override the value of article. [156], One of the most important features of the Druze village having a central role in social life is the khalwat—a house of prayer, retreat and religious unity. [110][page needed], Shishakli launched a brutal campaign to defame the Druzes for their religion and politics. Those are not granted access to the Druze holy literature or allowed to attend the initiated religious meetings of the ʻuqqāl. [84] The largest massacre was at Antioch, where 5000 prominent Druze were killed, followed by that of Aleppo. Gold coins found at ancient port in Caesarea. The first feudal Druze family, the Tanukhids, which made for itself a name in fighting the Crusaders, was, according to Haydar al-Shihabi, an Arab tribe from Mesopotamia where it occupied the position of a ruling family and apparently was Christianized. Even more painful for the Druze community was his publication of "falsified Druze religious texts" and false testimonials ascribed to leading Druze sheikhs designed to stir up sectarian hatred. [217] On the other hand, Benjamin of Tudela, a Jewish traveler[218] from the 12th century, pointed out that the Druze maintained good commercial relations with the Jews nearby, and according to him this was because the Druze liked the Jewish people. Though the Druze have previously been considered to have little genetic mixing – known as a “ population isolate ” by some geneticists – this is actually incorrect. Caliph, but establish a hierarchy of respect based on historical gatherings that are typical of nomadic tribes ) false! 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