It is widely distributed throughout central and South Florida, but primarily occurs in sandhill habitats in northern Florida and southern Georgia. It has been observed that the Indigo snake appears to be immune to the poison of venomous snakes. These snakes have uniform blue-black dorsal and lateral scales, with some specimens having a reddish-orange to tan color on the throat, cheeks, … They are diurnal hunters and travel long distances in a day actively searching for prey. Try browsing the Other Colubrids Index if you're looking for something specific. The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is a species of large, non-venomous snake in the family Colubridae. The Eastern indigo snake is a large, non-venomous snake native to the eastern United States. From the spring through fall snakes must be able to travel from sandhill communities and upland pine-hardwood communities to creek bottoms and agricultural fields. [11][16], As defensive behavior the eastern indigo snake vertically flattens its neck, hisses, and vibrates its tail. It is the longest native snake species in the U.S. Due to its generally docile nature and attractive appearance[citation needed], some people find the eastern indigo snake to be a desirable pet, although its protected status can make owning one, depending on location, illegal without a permit. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is a species of large, non-venomous snake in the family Colubridae. It was first described in 1842 by … Increasing pressures on Indigo populations include habitat loss, the decline of Gopher Tortoise communities, the reduction of prey animals and an … [15], Because the cover requirements of eastern indigo snakes change seasonally, maintaining corridors that link the different habitats used is important. Indigo snake, (Drymarchon corais), docile, nonvenomous member of the family Colubridae found from the southeastern United States to Brazil. Indigo snake is a species of nonvenomous snake belonging to the colubrid family, found only in the eastern United States. Eastern Indigo Snake on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_indigo_snake, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/63773/12714602. They are non-venomous and they overpower their prey, sometimes swallowing them whole and alive. [citation needed], Humans represent the biggest threat to the eastern indigo snake. comm. This smooth-scaled snake is considered to be the longest native snake species in the United States and all of North America. The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large nonpoisonous, stout bodied snake averaging six to seven feet in length. 20 more snakes were released in 2018, and another 15 (10 female and 5 male) in 2019. 2011). At first glance, it is extremely dark black or gr… American annulated ... American carinated ... American corais sna... Amur Ratsnakes. URI: https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148681 Definition: a characteristic of a species, meaning that it has distinct male and female individual organisms. It is a long nonvenomous snake endemic to the southeastern United States. In 2016 scientists discovered that what many people had been calling “the eastern indigo snake” is actually two physically and genetically distinct species: the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi), found near the Atlantic Coast, and the Gulf Coast indigo snake (Drymarchon kolpobasileus), found along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and into South Florida. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, https://www.nature.org/en-us/get-involved/how-to-help/animals-we-protect/eastern-indigo-snake/, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63773A12714602.en, "Good news for a big snake: 20 eastern indigo snakes just released to begin year two of the north Florida recovery", "Chemosensory response of the threatened eastern indigo snake (, Conservation Management Institute: Eastern Indigo Snake, Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Indigo Snake, Snakesarelong.blogspot.com: Indigo Snakes at Life is Short, but Snakes are Long, 2018 Species Status Assessment Report (pdf), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_indigo_snake&oldid=1004644971, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from public domain works of the United States Government, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 February 2021, at 17:25. The chin and the laterals of the snake can be reddish-orange. Eastern indigo snakes are sometimes "gassed" in their burrows by rattlesnake hunters. The eastern indigo snake ’s genus name ‘ Drymarchon ’ means lords of the forest in Greek while the scientific name has been given after James Hamilton Couper, an American planter. The permit costs $100; information about obtaining one can be found by doing a web search. [11] In Georgia, the eastern indigo snake prefers excessively drained, deep sandy soils along major streams, as well as xeric sandridge habitats. • The scientific genus Drymarchon means “forest ruler.” DISTRIBUTION The eastern indigo snake is now found only in the coastal … Eastern Indigo Snake The species, being the longest native snake of the United States of America, has the ability to digest the venom of rattlesnakes. This large, smooth ink colored snake is non-venomous and docile when confronted. MORE IN SNAKE CATEGORY. It also requires different overwintering and summer foraging habitat that can be separated by considerable distance, resulting in a great deal of travel. (Q. myrtifolia). Captive specimens are frequently fed dead prey to prevent injury to the snake from this violent method of subduing its prey. It is a very stout snake, with iridescent blue-black coloring and no pattern on the body other than the reddish or cream coloration on the chin and throat. The eastern indigo snake is a large, black, non-venomous snake found in the southeastern U.S. Summer home ranges for indigo snakes can be as large as 273 acres (110 hectares). Eastern indigo snakes may even cohabit with gopher tortoises in their burrows, although snakes will settle for armadillo holes, hollow logs, and debris piles when gopher tortoise burrows can't be found. These communities are primarily scrub oak-longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) with occasional live oak (Quercus virginiana), laurel oak (Q. laurifolia), Chapman's oak (Q. chapmanii ), and myrtle oak Category: Snake. Willson, editor). Some of the endangered species are king cobra, eastern indigo snake, San Francisco garter snake, and Dumeril’s boa. • They do not constrict like most snakes but overpower prey with their powerful bite. For more information, check out How It Works. Juvenile indigo snakes look very similar to adults but have … [20] The eggs are 75–100 mm (3–4 in) long by 27–32 millimetres (1–1 1⁄4 in) wide. The Indigo Snake is smooth scaled and uniform glossy blue-black throughout its body except for some reddish orange or cream color suffusion on its throat, cheeks and chin. Their diet also includes other snakes (ophiophagy), including venomous ones, as indigo snakes are immune to the venom of the North American rattlesnakes. LIFE SPAN: 16 - 25 years. They reach reproductive maturity between 3 and 4 years of age. Indigo Snake Indigo snakes feed on vertebrates, including fish, frogs, toads, lizards, snakes, birds and small mammals. Between 2017 and 2019, 47 eastern indigo snakes have been released in The Nature Conservancy's Apalachicola Bluffs and … 64-73. Its color is uniformly a lustrous black, although the chin, throat, and sometimes the cheeks may be red to creamy in color. [14], The eastern indigo snake frequents flatwoods, hammocks, dry glades, stream bottoms, cane fields, riparian thickets, and high ground with well-drained, sandy soils. Eastern Indigo Snake facts: The eastern indigo snake is the longest snake in North America, attaining a maximum length of 8 ½ feet. [10] A related species, the Texas indigo snake (Drymarchon melanurus erebennus), is found in southern Texas and Mexico. It is the longest native snake species in the U.S. (and all of North America). Eastern Indigo snakes measure 1 – 3 meters long. [15], The eastern indigo snake is oviparous. Eastern indigo snakes sometimes kill their prey by beating it against nearby objects. The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon corais couperi) is a large, black, non-venomous snake found in the southeastern United States. pp. The specific name is a latinization of the surname of American planter James Hamilton Couper (1794-1866). It is the largest snake in the United States—record length is 2.6 metres (8.5 feet)—and one of the largest of all colubrids. The underside is dull orange and blue gray. [17], The eastern indigo snake is most abundant in the sandhill plant communities of Florida and Georgia. The indigo snake has a diet of lizards, tortoises, mammals, frogs, birds, and other venomous snakes. Its chin, cheek, and throat are mostly red or brown, but can also be white or black. EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE FAST FACTS • Eastern indigo snakes are federally protected under the Endangered Species Act. Previous Next. 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