Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. FWIW I worked at a company that had a product with 4 million monthly active users built in Ruby on Rails. ProgrammingKnowledge offers tons of video tutorials on top backend/frontend programming languages including Python, Swift, PHP, Ruby, and many others. But, what language you choose does matter; it will affect the outcome of your project and your career, especially if you plan to scale. If I need bleeding edge performance in a hardware-restricted environment, I'll go with C++. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena. You said that you have experience in both Node.js and ASP. Net. So, I suppose I'll prefix everything with "in my experience.". Net is worse? They seem to mostly be fanboys telling you why X is so good/bad, instead of giving actual examples of when something is the appropriate tool for the job. Or would that make it even less relevant due to how simple that would be to handle? Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. Edureka Personally I've chosen the languages I use based on their package managers more than anything else. In this list of best backend framework we didn't want to stick to 1 single programming language. It is one of the best YouTube channels to learn web development, as it has detailed videos on every other framework and has thousands of daily visitors. My previous article described how you can get into frontend development. Are they up-to-date? Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented and concurrent programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Some of its a gamble. Because comprehending a new language whilst simultaneously building a complex project usually amounts to overload and burnout. Java has certain key features as follows: 1. PHP starts the list on basis of its popularity and widespread use. Often, a single large company in an area has cascading effects on the talent pool available to businesses, and the corresponding demand from businesses looking to tap into that pool. Community support - is there a lot of talk and easy access to help? Java first appeared in 1995, and since then it has been considered one of the most powerful and reliable programming languages for backend development. Interpreted languages like Python aren't necessarily slower than statically typed ones as long as you aren't dealing with incredibly high levels of activity (found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). Interpreted languages like Python aren't necessarily slower than statically typed ones. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena.. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games.One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language … C and Java are the oldest programming languages. Basically, people use interpreted languages until they can't. Or better yet, understand what type of business will choose which languages, and choose which businesses to align your self with. According to research, it is found that more than half of developers use javascript. Java and C# are obviously the market leaders, but from my understanding Java is becoming less favoured and C# is limited to the Windows environment. all pop up constantly. if looking to hire people, you also need to look at market share of languages. You have to tell us the specific application you'd like to create so that the community will advise you on the specific technology to use. Net. Now major programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, Node.js etc support it. The language is less important - where I work we have a lot of java, a fair bit of kotlin, and a smattering of clojure and groovy. Or if it's an open-source project, will anyone be able to contribute, or did you decide to build your web API in Rust? Programming language Python is a big hit for machine learning. Be careful with PHP and try following the practices from PHPTheRightWay if you do use it to avoid problems. Basically, it is all the beautiful elements you see on a webpage’s interface. The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. Memory management in Java is quite expensive; The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures. Most other runtimes are some way behind in this respect. Language is something like Python, Ruby or PHP. No SPA or Ajax calls or web sockets or anything. PHP has come a long way since its creation way back in 1994. Contrary to the latter, PHP is commonly even available on free web hosting providers. Over the past few years, the capabilities of backend development have changed a lot. Moreover, Javascript plays a significant role in front-end development. What if you were making a "traditional" website, were you just have a back-end that responds to GET and POST requests and responds with HTML. if it is to remain small, i might go with flask. But, despite the open source efforts, .Net seems to play with the corporate "license" kids, and is mostly employed by companies already invested in the MS ecosystem. And the ones who do, usually write specific services in a compiled language, and still leverage the easier languages in everything else. .Net core is substantially better than .Net of past, but it's having trouble breaking out of its Steve Ballmer inflicted mold. But my suggestion, if you need speed, choose native compiled language. Nowadays, it seems impossible to develop a program without the javascript language. IMO, on of the most popular (albeit little liked) backend languages is PHP and it isn't going anywhere in the very near future. A modern jvm is incredibly sophisticated, fast out of the box, endlessly tuneable when you start bumping up against the edges, and incredibly observable (almost everything can be exposed as metrics, and most frameworks provide a ton more). There is no argument for JS outside the browser that doesn't somehow trace back to jumbled priorities. You can even write it using bash script if you want. Net and I intend to never go back to it for web development. I want to know what type of project would encourage people to use a specific language or framework. My personal opinion when i look for backend frameworks are mostly availability of libraries to get things done, good community and ease of integration and deployment. You would need to handle just over one user per second to claim that capacity. Third-party libraries - Is there heaps of libraries that are already done and mature? There's a difference between language and framework here. Django dominates here on the framework side, but Flask is still hanging in there. It is a free, open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI … First, that's a meaningless benchmark. It’s a language to do statistics. but if all i need is a simple async model, node might be simpler, those are just two scenarios, but the point is to look at your critical feature set, and research what supports those features the best. Frameworks are things like Django, Rails, or Laravel. it's mostly a bunch of gobblegook that doesn't really mean anything and isn't very helpful, Those microservices tend to be serverless, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. If milliseconds are critical to a huge operation which run continuously, you need compiled. It translates Java byte code into a language that can be interpreted by the machines. I've gone back to college and have been taking an upgrading class (or whatever they're called), and a lot of our focus has been on the web (specifically in ASP .NET Core 3). Our biggest scalability concern was the data layer. It also discussed how the front end can be a place filled with landmines – step in the wrong place and you'll be overwhelmed by the many frameworks of the JavaScript ecosystem. And then on top of that, you have CMSs like Wordpress or Magento or what have you. Javascript is an interpreted and light-weighted programming language. In near future, there is little chance for some other language to replace Java, not at least in 2019. Number 6 will SHOCK you! Is it easy to find resources, tutorials and courses, if needed? Whether I used django or flask would depend on my plans for the site. Everything has a range of elasticity. Flask. Object-oriented– This means the code is structured and modeled as … If you don't have extreme requirements any language will do. I'll not expand on what others have said because they've said it all already. The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. One of the reasons for so many programmers cherishing Python is its simplicity. But now it needs to change ... Reddit and others to monitor user app crashes … I think a lot of the decisions come down to: What experience do the developers have that are building this? Choosing the best language for web development can be difficult. Also the same goes for the Java Frameworks. A number of big companies like Facebook, Viber, Mint, Hootsuite, and more have used PHP as the backend programming language. If you’re building a Single Page Application and are not a hardcore backend developer (or a lazy one) then you can also consider building and hosting on a. IaaS platform. I'd appreciate any advice, thanks in advance. I hear stories here and there of Express running entire back-ends, but it's mostly used for miscellaneous processing these days. Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? Why do you think ASP. WordPress is an guaranteed disaster, think twice several times before considering JS... beyond that, it doesn't really matter. Mehul Mohan. So, I have experience as a desktop applications programmer. Both have a vibrant community, tons of packages, and i have built both small and large scale applications with them. R works for adhoc analysis and exploring datasets, for statistics-heavy projects, and one-time dives into a dataset. Django, ASP .NET Core, Ruby (on Rails), PHP, Node.js, Java, Go, etc. Among the languages, you're looking for distinctions that don't exist. It is one of the best programming language to learn that has large number of open source libraries ; Cons. The backend environment is within the web application server service itself. Django, Rails, and even Laravel are all solid choices. The Best Way to Learn Backend Web Development. Although Ruby on Rails doesn't scale as well as Django. A fair assessment of several items. 4. Follow the practices that you would for any language; just understand the ecosystem you're diving into. The major intention of GO programming language development.is to make the easiest programming language to learn. Someone, somewhere is either ready or typing a message telling me how PHP is used in the enterprise because X company is a Fortune 500 company who based everything on that language. Do what you like until you get a job, in which case, use whatever stack they use. PHP has its roots in spaghetti code, which is probably where that notion comes from. Google developed it in 2007 with almost similar syntax that you can find in C and C++. I don't want recomendations on what to use for a specific project. The PHP-Enterprise argument was well dodged. You won't find mom and pop shops leveraging Java or Golang for their latest projects, and conversely, you tend not to find PHP in the enterprise. "Doesn't scale," always needs context. Java is primarily used for desktop applications, back-end web frameworks, and Android applications. Some of these frameworks/languages have better support for modern web practices than others. I mostly use django as python fits anywhere and nodejs because of its javascript nature. Second, "scaling" is more than users per second. C: C is one of the oldest and most widely used programming languages in the world, and holds #7 in Average Salary, and #9 in Job Postings. Consequently, this is where the user primarily interacts for navigation and browsing. By extension, for most of the common uses of websites, it contains the most plug and play options for the most common use cases. Not everything survives. Ruby is almost entirely driven by Rails. The back end comprises three parts: the server, your database, any APIs, and a back-end web application, software drafted via server-side languages. You'll probably lean towards something familiar and that people have experience in, rather than that fancy GoLang over there, or whatever. Literally the opposite purpose of this post. Net because of strong types (Node.js can use Typescript, but I had problems with configuration), Entity framework and auto-generation of endpoints. C# Developers love the language … Instead, we wanted to showcase the best backend frameworks from various languages. If I'm writing a simple automation script that doesn't necessarily need the best performance, I can go with Python. If I'm making a desktop app that's Windows only, I'll go with C# and the Windows UI libraries/framework that basically come with it. TL;DR Search job listings and figure out what's in demand. This doesn't really give me a whole lot to go on, especially since most of the "articles" I can find on "what to use when" just gives me clickbait or clearly biased "only ever use X". Java still seems to be the preferred compiled language that isn't C++. There are developers, designers, marketers, copy writers and stakeholders on the other side which have greater demands on the platforms than public users. Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data. PHP is popular in marketing agencies and "web shops." It’s all about communication protocol between your app with the web server. At the moment, I'm choosing between C#, Python, Node.js, and Java - there's been a decent rise in demand for Node.js and Python, but there's still more jobs for C# and Java around London. Personally, these days I think the runtime is more important. Java Java has had a good reputation as a multipurpose programming language. Python. make a spin-the-wheel. C# language was developed by Microsoft. No, it's not compiled, but even that is murky with projects claiming to compile the important bits. If you are into creativity or designing, this is where you would feel right at home. Top 3 Programming Languages To Learn In 2021 - New Tech Geek Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that does not require specific libraries and … Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++. If I can’t have a jvm I’d probably go for .net, but that’s not quite as configurable. R, along with Python, is one of the best programming languages in 2021 for data analysts and data scientists. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games. I say to understand what languages to use or learn, understand what businesses want. found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). They all ultimately do the same thing: the main factors to consider are security, maintainability, and amount of available existing functionality. Things change. Long story short, we use the "Seemed good at the time" approach to most of our language decisions and take into account deadlines and team skill levels. One of the earliest languages for web development (released in 1995), it remains widely popular today. Python, by and large, is the most versatile language, both in concept and in practice. Users don't just come from the public side. level 1 Documentation - Good docs? Most people with a traditional programming background love C#, and the MS development tools are top notch. Backend development services refers to the server side of software and is invisible to users (backend developers add utility to everything the frontend designers create). There doesn't seem to be a facet of web development Python isn't a substantial part of. There's a tolerance for subpar performance because people are accustomed to latency in requests. Some of these frameworks/languages have better support for modern web practices than others (seen this from experience with .NET Core 3's kind of "meh-borderline-bad" Ajax support if you're using Razor Pages, meanwhile Django comes with built-in REST support). Modern platforms have changed that. I am a recruiter in London, and have recruited for both Java and C# in the past. It also doesn’t require developers to use low-level functions like memory management to get more advanced work done. Let us look at the top five programming languages for mobile app development. for example: If I wanted a site to present the results of data analysis, i'd probably choose python (not to say i'd use python only for this case, it's just an obvious advantage given its place in the data science field). Do you think that will remain the case? Even for public users, there are numerous design choices in the platform implementation which affect the outcome of how it runs. I've been looking around the web for what back-end programming languages/frameworks people can use, and which one is appropriate for which situations, but I feel like I've hit a wall. Hi. Java is one of the most well known programming languages. It has grown massively, and it is now being used on a multitude of se… Javascript can be used in the bac… The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. After that, in this or any sub, you risk getting shot as the messenger when it comes assessing where each language stands in the market. If you're looking for a job, it helps to understand either where you are, or where you want to be. One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language when building a new project should include what you're familiar with. What are people actually using it for? Short answer: no, it doesn't matter. Javascript is the least appealing language to use on the backend: sloppy types, lackluster standard library, and a "package manager" that doubles as a code snippet landfill. JavaScript is turning into TypeScript, and Node has certainly found a customer base. Regarding Go, I think there’s no clear winner simply because the Standard Library provides some really good web components. Javascript is a very popular language, according to Stack Overflow. Subscribers: 935K Videos: 1503 Videos. Or at least, not as much as people might claim. Don't use WordPress, period, because it's garbage from stem to stern... the preeminent example of badly written PHP, terrible application design, and horrible database schema, all bound together with bad practices. For more design-related questions, try /r/web_design. Hell, I've seen people recommend against learning new stacks because they said that they ultimately didn't matter if you already knew some (which I kind of disagree with). Ruby’s code is simple and expansive, which makes it easy to use even for complex development projects. Are they maintained and current? PHP runs on basically every webserver around the globe, with the exception of dedicated Python, Java, Node.js, or C# backends. Recently I decided to go for ASP. But on top of that, we also have bits and pieces written C++ and Java. For the majority of applications, it doesn't matter much what language you pick. The server is a powerful computer that runs the back-end software, the database building your site’s data, and the software related between the two. Things are moving towards flexibility, best code practices, and excellent compatibility with the frontend part of software. I too have worked with ASP. While they all vary slightly in syntax and performance, they all do the same thing: get passed requests received by the web server and return output to it for transmission back to the client. Oh, and some sort of new exploit is found about every 6 weeks like clockwork. To learn more about the differences between backend and frontend, check out our complete Backend vs Frontend Web Development guide. At work, we mainly use Flask (which is Python) to handle our API endpoints most of the time. Now, for most of these, the crucial first step is understanding what you'll be working on and what programming language is appropriate for the situation. Rails does have a solid following of companies who jumped on board in its glory days, but its popularity for green field projects seems to have all but vanished. According to some social media platforms, javascript is very helpful in creating interactive web pages. Python’s syntax resembles that of the English language which makes it straightforward and concise. When it comes to choosing the back-end programming languages, each developer has a different opinion and choice. First is region. So, let's break it down, in my opinion, of course: Python is easily the most versatile at the moment. After that, there's the ecosystems the languages tend to arrive with. Regardless of any pros and cons about performance, scalability or productivity of a language, each has realities about its history and the projects built behind them. In fact, we also have a good deal of PHP apps because they're hosted on LAMP stacks and it was easier to find CMSs written in PHP to work in the environment. Whenever I try to find what situation should X be used in I just get a bunch of search results like: "Which back-end programming languages should YOU learn in [2014-2020]?!