Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Elsewhere, irrigation is essential to improve crop yields on the desert margins. Others[Like whom?] Recent finds in Jebel Irhoud in Morocco have been found to contain some of the oldest Homo sapiens remains; This suggests that, rather than arising only in East Africa around 200,000 years ago, early Homo sapiens may already have been present across the length of Africa 100,000 years earlier. have limited it to the countries of Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia, a region that was known by the French during colonial times as "Afrique du Nord" and is known by Arabs as the Maghreb ("West", The western part of Arab World). Longitudinally, a uniform grid divides the central desert then shrinks back toward the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. In 2010–2011 massive protests swept the region leading to the overthrow of the governments in Tunisia and Egypt, as well as civil war in Libya. When Egypt entered the Bronze Age, the Maghreb remained focused on small-scale subsistence in small, highly mobile groups. According to study author Jean-Jacques Hublin, "The idea is that early Homo sapiens dispersed around the continent and elements of human modernity appeared in different places, and so different parts of Africa contributed to the emergence of what we call modern humans today. Ancient Carthage was a commercial power and had a strong navy, but relied on mercenaries for land soldiers. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. Its 92 million inhabitants, majority observing the religion of Isla, make Egypt the most populous country in North Africa and the Arab World. They documented the names of the stopping places they discovered or rediscovered, described landscapes, took a few climate measurements and gathered rock samples. Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²). For the remaining North African countries the official language is Arabic. Of course, north Africa benefits from being linked to the Middle East, both for business and development. School enrollment, primary (% gross) Details. Rank within Africa: Position held by Northern Africa in the list of all regions within Africa ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. Some parts of North Africa began to participate in the Neolithic revolution in the 6th millennium BCE, just before the rapid desertification of the Sahara around 3500 B.C. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. As the Tassili n'Ajjer and other rock art findings in the Sahara have shown, the Sahara also hosted various populations before its rapid desertification in 3500 B.C and even today continues to host small populations of nomadic trans-Saharan peoples. 2020. The population of North Africa in was 0, a NAN% decline from . The country is one of the least populous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with a population of about 2.1 million people. North Africa refers to a group of countries and territories occupying the northerly region of the African continent. Historically, African nations have had shared struggles. North Africa is a region encompassing the northern portion of the African continent. Population densities by administrative units in West Africa in 2015 Download High Resolution. In 2010, 30.1% of the people were children under the age of 15, 65.2% were between 15 and 64 years of age, and 4.6% were 65 or older. Others have limited it to the countries of Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia, a region that was known by the French during colonial times as "Afrique du Nord" and is known by Arabs as the Maghreb("West", The western part of Arab Worl… , The cave paintings found at Tassili n'Ajjer, north of Tamanrasset, Algeria, and at other locations depict vibrant and vivid scenes of everyday life in central North Africa during the Neolithic Subpluvial period (about 8000 to 4000 BCE). Some Berber-speaking North Africans may identify as "Arab" depending on the social and political circumstances, although substantial numbers of Berbers (or Amazighen) have retained a distinct cultural identity which in the 20th century has been expressed as a clear ethnic identification with Berber history and language. It occupies 1,010,407.87 km 2 of land area that spans North Africa and Southeast Asia. Most Egyptians are Sunni Muslim, although there is a significant minority of Coptic Christians. In this post, we are going to tell you about North African countries and their capitals. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. This, however, may or may not exclude pride in and identification with Berber and/or other parts of their heritage. Population, total. By 700, most of North Africa had come under Muslim rule.  This led to tension and eventually conflict between Numidia and Rome. After the 19th century, the imperial and colonial presence of France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy left the entirety of the region under one form of European occupation. The Maghreb or western North Africa on the whole is believed to have been inhabited by Berbers since at least 10,000 B.C., while the eastern part of North Africa or the Nile Valley has mainly been home to the Egyptians. Northwest Africa has been inhabited by Berbers since the beginning of recorded history, while the eastern part of North Africa has been home to the Egyptians. the domestication of crops and animals had spread throughout North Africa and ironworking technology had developed. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. 1.60%. These countries, along with Mauritania and Tunisia, are often referred to as the Maghreb. Similarly, the traditional Arabic toponym Maghreb (meaning "the West") is commonly used to mean the African part of the Arab World, though usually with the exclusion of Egypt. maps.unomaha.edu/Peterson/geog1000/Notes/Notes_Exam2/NA.html In 2010, 30.1% of the people were children under the age of 15, 65.2% were between 15 … It identifies settlements based on visible activity without regard for social or political organizations of space in vast, purportedly "empty" areas. For the region of the United Nations, see, United Nations geoscheme for Africa § Northern Africa, List of ethnic groups of Africa § North Africa, Writing systems of Africa § Ancient orthographies, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of African cuisines § Central African cuisine, Music of Africa § North Africa and the Horn of Africa, History of theatre § North African theatre, Traditional African religions § North Africa, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, List of kingdoms in pre-colonial Africa § North Africa, History of North Africa § Classical period, History of North Africa § Arrival of Islam, History of science and technology in Africa § Northern Africa and the Nile Valley, Demographics of the Middle East and North Africa, European Digital Archive on Soil Maps of the World, "Figure 5: United Nations definition of African Regions: West, Northern,...", "The Circassian Qubbas of Abbas Avenue, Khartoum: Governors and Soldiers in 19th Century Sudan", "North Africa and the African Transition Zone", "The 'Greater Middle East' as a 'Modern' Geopolitical Imagination in American Foreign Policy", World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016, "Morocco 'mule women' in back-breaking trade from Spain enclave", "Refworld – Morocco: General situation of Muslims who converted to Christianity, and specifically those who converted to Catholicism; their treatment by Islamists and the authorities, including state protection (2008–2011)", "A Revised Root for the Human y Chromosomal Phylogenetic Tree: The Origin of Patrilineal Diversity in Africa", "Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Homo sapiens", "Eritrea's human rights record comes under fire at United Nations", "Scientists Find the Skull of Humanity's Ancestor — on a Computer - By comparing fossils and CT scans, researchers say they have reconstructed the skull of the last common forebear of modern humans", "Deciphering African late middle Pleistocene hominin diversity and the origin of our species", "Green Sahara: African humid periods paced by Earth's orbital changes", "Humans as Agents in the Termination of the African Humid Period", "Egypt and the Mediterranean in the Bronze Age: The Archaeological Evidence", "Volubilis – Ancient Village or Settlement in Morocco", North Africa's Weather Forecasts and Weather Conditions, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_Africa&oldid=994631723, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 266,000 (total land area, control is split between Morocco and the SADR), This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 18:44. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. Of course, north Africa benefits from being linked to the Middle East, both for business and development. The countries include Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Africa is the second most populous continent in the world, after Asia. Africa is the second-largest and second most populous continent on earth with an estimated population in 2016 of 1.2 billion people. One of North Africa’s lesser known policy successes was the remarkable expansion in its population’s educational attainment in the last quarter of the 20th century. Middle East & North Africa GDP (current US$) Details. Chart and table of North Africa population from 1950 to 2020. Egypt has the most varied industrial base, importing technology to develop electronics and engineering industries, and maintaining the reputation of its high-quality cotton textiles. North Africa is predominantly Muslim. The Nile Valley is particularly fertile and most of the population in Egypt live close to the river. In North Africa, modern-day groups are largely related to Eurasian and Middle Eastern populations, with very low levels of genetic contributions from sub-Saharan Africa (blue dots, Figure 1) [15,16]. United Nations, “Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994,” Population and Development 1 (New York: UNFPA, 1995). North Africa's populous and flourishing civilization collapsed after exhausting its resources in internal fighting and suffering devastation from the invasion of the Banu Sulaym and Banu Hilal. The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is Africa's largest nation with an area of 919,595 mi2. Although it was not included in the original plans to divide up Africa at the Berlin Conference, France and Spain continued to vie for influence in the region. In 2014, it had a population growth of 2.6%, and it has the highest percentage of people under 15 years (41%). Africa is home to 54 recognized sovereign states and countries, 9 territories and 2 de facto independent states with very little recognition. Looking at the number of people living per square kilometer pre province for example the lowest density is found in Northern Cape, which has the biggest land mass in South Africa but the smallest population, with on average only 3 people living per square kilometer in Northern Cape. Many hundreds died in the uprisings. The Nile Valley forms a narrow fertile thread that runs along the length of the country. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). Large protests also occurred in Algeria and Morocco to a lesser extent. Atsuko Aoyama, Reproductive Health in the Middle East and North Africa: Well-being for All (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001). The struggle for control of North Africa began as early as October 1935, when Italy invaded Ethiopia from its colony Italian Somaliland. Historians mark their movement as a critical moment in the Arabization of North Africa. The population of North Africa in was 0, a NAN% decline from . , North Africa remained a part of the Roman Empire, which produced many notable citizens such as Augustine of Hippo, until incompetent leadership from Roman commanders in the early fifth century allowed the Germanic peoples, the Vandals, to cross the Strait of Gibraltar, whereupon they overcame the fickle Roman defense. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). With most of the country being arid, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with a population density of 9.6 persons per square mile. Pakistan’s population, which stands at 217m, is one of the fastest growing outside Africa and a projected 338m in 2050. As of 2016, the population estimate for the country was 40.4 million, making it the 33rd most populous nation in the world. In the eleventh century, a reformist movement made up of members that called themselves the Almoravid dynasty expanded south into Sub-Saharan Africa. North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of Africa. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The economies of Algeria and Libya were transformed by the discovery of oil and natural gas reserves in the deserts. Find Out By about 1000 B.C. In North Africa, modern-day groups are largely related to Eurasian and Middle Eastern populations, with very low levels of genetic contributions from sub-Saharan Africa (blue dots, Figure 1) [15,16]. Some Berbers were members of the Early African Church (but evolved their own Donatist doctrine), some were Berber Jews, and some adhered to traditional Berber religion. Its economy is largely based on hydrocarbons. The current population of Northern Africa is 248,270,925 as of Saturday, December 19, 2020, based on the latest United Nations estimates. The Arabic and Berber languages are distantly related, both being members of the Afroasiatic language family. It has been regarded by some as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east, though this designation is more commonly referred to as northern Africa. 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