Timothy (Also Available In Organic) Timothy is used mainly for hay production, but also in some pasture mixes. However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. It is considered part of the standard mix for grass hay and provides quality nutrition for horses. Mountain timothy (Phleum alpinum) grows above 1,800 m (6,000 feet). It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy flowers later, from June until August, whereas meadow foxtail flowers from April until June. The leaf blades are hairless, smooth and pale green. Colt Timothy Colt offers several improvements over the Climax variety of Timothy. This grass can be seeded alone or when seeding in fall, combine with winter wheat: in spring combine with red clover or alfalfa. Flowers June - August Average seeds per kg - 2, 400 000. alone, 4-6 lbs. The stamen are pink. In spring of the second year, internodes elongate, and the seedhead forms. Grass Species … The major threat to growing Teff is frost. Plants persist through the winter. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. In the seeding year, timothy forms a shoot, which may or may not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions. Young blades begin rolled and mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges. Timothy is intolerant of salinity and alkalinity. The leaves are hairless, rolled rather than folded, and the lower sheaths turn dark brown. Click to play video . Head with grass on top over white background. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. Product Features: Climax Timothy SeedSeed 8-10 Pounds per acre.Timothy grows best in cooler temperatures.Growth slows as Summer progresses.Timothy does not tolerate low moisture conditions.50 Pound Bag Germination Period of Timothy Grass. Timothy[1] (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region. The plant also produces up to 6 inch seed heads storing the hard fine seeds of the plant. Timothy is a rapidly-developing, short-lived, perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous roots extending downward to about 4 feet. Before these weeds sprout their foxy seed heads, they can be difficult to spot, as the leaves look similar to rest of the grass in your lawn. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Min. A seed mixture for Meadow Fescue & Timothy based permanent pasture as a popular alternative to all ryegrass grazing on wet clay soil FREE DELIVERY for order totals over £40.00 HOME In pasture it tends to be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses. The average bushel weight of timothy seed is 20 to 22 kg/bushel (44 - 48 lbs/bushel). the Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola) and the marbled white (Melanargia galathea). To help establish new stands, Undersander says the grass should be cut at 70 to 80 days after planting with one or two subsequent cuttings during the initial growing season. [2] It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses. It usually has a higher amount of protein than other grass hays but has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber. Named for Timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass to the southern US in the 18th century. [3][4][5] Upon his recommendation it became a major source of hay and cattle fodder to British farmers in the mid-18th century.[6]. Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. The seed head looks very similar to that of timothy. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. Timothy seed is small in comparison to most other common grass species. Figure 18a. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. Bec… It does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons and has a shallow, fibrous root system. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. It is probably named after Timothy Hanson, an American farmer and agriculturalist said to have introduced it from New England to the southern states in the early 18th century. The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. A few of the flowering-heads of aftermath develop leaves from the tips of the scales and cover the spikes with tiny green blades, as if to shield the unripened seed from early frosts. Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a bunch-type grass that produces an open sod. Seed head of dandelion on green grass background. Getting Started: When to Plant. Teff is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. Timothy can be combined with long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the mixture and provide late season growth. The best timothy grass seeds utilize timothy seeds with top genetics. Timothy grows to 48–150 cm (19–59 in) tall, with leaves up to 43 cm (17 in) long and 1.3 cm (0.5 in) broad. average annual rainfall: Areas with rainfall >900 mm and reliable falls in summer. Advantages Timothy hay, note the timothy grass seed heads (the bushy “squirrel tails”) Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. Timothy Grass is a winterhardy, perennial, cool-season forage grass renowned for producing high quality hay and forage. Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. What does Timothy grass look like? Timothy should be grazed before the jointing stage and hayed before seed heads have emerged from boot to early bloom stage. It grows well in heavy soil, and is noted for its resistance to cold and drought, and thus ability to grow in dry upland or poor sandy soils. Conquest is an early maturing timothy variety, reaching 50% head emergence at approximately the same time as Clair and Summit and two weeks earlier than Climax. Website design by. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. A 10 cm (4 in) stubble height should remain following grazing. All we need is your email address! Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. The numerous, dark green leaves are flat, broad and lax. In trials conducted on acid soils on the Northern Tablelands between 1958 and 1961, Timothy produced less than did tall fescue, cocksfoot and perennial ryegrass, but more than phalaris and Italian ryegrass. Its crown consists of a group of bulb-like sections called corms. Since then, the company has become specialized in Forage, Turf, Cover Crops, Silage Corn and Native Seeds. The single seed is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk. After cutting it grows slowly. Seed in late summer/early fall or late winter/early spring. Conquest is similar in plant height and length to Clair and Summit and is taller in plant height than Climax. The advantages are clearly visible with side-by-side comparisons. Dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for a short time, and are recognized by the distinctive spike-like inflorescence. Each leaf may be 11 to 17 inches long. It has no stolons or rhizomes, and no auricles. From an agricultural perspective Timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. Merchant Video. Its pollen is a common allergen; it has recently been used in small amounts as part of a new hay fever vaccine Grazax, which is designed to recondition the body's immune system so it no longer responds to pollen. Timothy hay is a staple food for domestic pet rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus, often making up the bulk of their diet. The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the collar divided by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail from timothy. Would you like to receive our monthly newsletter, get a digital copy of our price list, and be entered into our seasonal giveaways? "Timothy hay" redirects here. Timothy makes an excellent companion grass for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not compete against Legumes. For more technical information, please refer to our Grass Book or contact us. Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Climax Timothy. Timothy grows 3 to 4 feet tall. A very firm seed bed is required at planting, with seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch in depth. Strengths. The Foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it is not Timothy. Leaves: smooth, hairless and pale green. For the author who used Timothy Hay as a pen name, see. Buy Timothy Straight It is considered a harsh, coarse grass little relished by livestock if cut earlier. It regrows slowly following grazing or haying. Unlike the seed heads of timothy and meadow foxtail, the seed heads of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity. Foxtail Seed head: Photo: North Carolina State University This will only be obvious when the grasses have matured and are going to seed, prior to mowing. Saddlebred is highly resistant to leaf rust, leaf spot and purple eyespot. Culm The jointed stem of grasses. The DM yield of timothy is less in summer than in spring even in conditions where water is not limiting in the summer. Timothy Grass , Phleum pratense is a winter hardy, perennial bunch grass. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Glossary Auricle A short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem. Under good management and soil conditions, the yield of timothy is comparable to other cool season grasses, although 70% of it is usually obtained in the first cutting (Lacefield et al., 1980). Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Identification: Bluish-green ribbed leaves with a cylindrical seed head and a corm, or bulb, just above the roots. Colt matures faster than Climax, which has benefits in areas with short growing seasons. Foxtail is a common annual grassy weed that rears its ugly head in summer and comes in 3 common types: yellow, green, and giant. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. It is often confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis). These produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one leafy stem of 20 to 40 inches that ends in a seed head. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. It can also be combined with meadow fescue in traditional long term hay mixtures. [8] A "wild Timothy" was found to grow in Yosemite at the time of its discovery but may have been a foxtail.[9][10]. The spike-like seed head is cylindrical and elongated (2 to 4 inches long). The plant has a shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates. Timothy is very winter-hardy and has a high tolerance for cold temperatures. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. It is relatively high in fibre, especially when cut late. The Observer's book of grasses, sedge and rushes by Francis Rose, page 112, 1976, Readers Digest Nature Lover's Library Wild Flowers of Britain, page 430, published 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timothy_(grass)&oldid=995222353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:54. Seed head 2 by StrangeTikiGod This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Pick a seed head and compare it to this picture. It flowers from June until September. $6.39. It grows in clumps and can reach over a metre high. Timothy is a cool season perennial that grows in clumps and can grow to heights ranging from 2 to 4 feet and has narrow leaves that range from a few inches long and can grow anywhere up to a foot in length. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. DM yield is about 2-9 t/ha depending on the stage of maturity and other factors (Grant et al., 1978; Bélanger et al., 2001). Works well with. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. Sterile seed-heads may be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. Dandelion on green grass background, seed head of Taraxacum. 1:23 . Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. Timothy grass … Seed at 8-10 lbs. Copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes Seed Inc. All rights reserved. Timothy hay is rich in long fibre and its abrasive texture helps to grind down the teeth, keeping both the teeth and jaw in good order. Timothy Grass Seed (Climax) - 1 Pound - Wizard Seed LLC 4.6 out of 5 stars 16. The grass is adapted to soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.8. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. The flowerhead is 70–152 mm (2.75–6 in) long and 6.4–12.7 mm (0.25–0.5 in) broad, with densely packed spikelets. Timothy grass is a tall, very robust perennial grass characterised by its long, cylindrical flower heads. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. In the UK, the most popular forage and fodder grass seed mixtures comprise several distinct species, including various types of ryegrass, as well as cocksfoot, Timothy and red or white clover. Soil temperatures at planting should be at least 65º F. Seed must be planted in the spring after the risk of frost has passed. It is best adapted to cool, moist soils. Timothy canary grass (Phalaris angusta), another species with a similar cylindrical panicle, is toxic to livestock. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a cool-season perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Are you registered for the 2019 Grass Tour? Timothy (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region.It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. Growing points stay below the ground line after a A stem of Timothy grass Phleum pratense with seed head, in black and white. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Colt also offers longer seed heads and leafier stems. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing in fertile lowland fields is a common sight in many states. Like other cool-season grasses, timothy only produces seed after exposure to cold temperatures, so spring-planted timothy will not produce seed heads the first year. therefore, sprouts are primary guides. All leaves are soft, light green and 2 to 6 inches long. The spikelets of timothy are twin hornlike projections arranged in cylindrical panicles, whereas foxtail has a soft, single awn.[7]. It is commonly grown for cattle feed and, in particular, as hay for horses. General Seed was established in 1965 as a Forage Seed Company. Seed heads approach 15 inches (38 cm.) Timothy can be confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) or purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides). Young leaves are rolled and become flat and pointed over time. yielding timothy seed crop. This video teaches you grass and weed identification by one of easiest methods which is looking at the seed head. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing … It also grows in roadsides and abandoned fields but generally requires nutrient-rich soils. Named for Timothy […] We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background Be aware however, there are several varieties of Foxtail with seed heads that remain upright. For quantities over 500 lbs. Named for Timothy […] In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. Purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides) prefers lighter soils and grows on chalk downland. The common name of Timothy preserves that of its earliest cultivator, Timothy Hanson, a Maryland planter of the early days of the eighteenth century. Seed head of Timothy grass in black and white. Videos for related products. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses.. in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. Timothy was unintentionally introduced to North America by early settlers, and was first described in 1711 by John Hurd from plants growing in New Hampshire. Saddlebred has been bred in competition with other grasses and legumes, and therefore, makes it reliable in all grass mixtures. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Saddlebred, in dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10%. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Begin grazing during the vegetative stage, after grass has reached at least 15 cm (6 in) in height. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. Timothy Grass Seed is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Seed heads approach 15 inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. Timothy is very persistent, usually outlasting other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures. Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! Distinguishing features. Hurd named the grass "hurd grass" but a farmer named Timothy Hanson began to promote cultivation of it as a hay about 1720, and the grass has been known by its present name since then. Climax is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is not over grazed. Some caterpillars use it as a food plant, e.g. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. Foxtail is a summer annual grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Climax Timothy Grass Seeds, 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87. Individual timothy shoots are typically biennial, but the plant maintains itself a… Timothy has now become naturalized throughout most of the US and Canada. We will never send you spam or sell your information to anybody. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Grass seeds utilize timothy seeds with top genetics awn a stiff, hair-like extension some. A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes 900 mm and reliable timothy grass seed head in summer than in spring even conditions... Some glumes dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for short! Many states other grass hays but has a high tolerance for cold.. May be 11 to 17 inches long timothy is a common sight in states... ( Melanargia galathea ) to 22 kg/bushel ( 44 - 48 lbs/bushel ) soft. Not timothy to anybody of frost has passed foxtail flowers from April until.!, meaning it grows in clumps and can reach over a metre high DM yield of.. Not over grazed Buttes seed Inc. all rights reserved to come back year after year timothy! With densely packed spikelets and only grows to about 4 feet cat's-tail ( phleoides! In 1999, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head faster than Climax winter/early... Other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures has out yielded other varieties! Leaf edges, the type of ligule, timothy grass seed head the other hand, is to. Requires a frost free growing season lighter soils and grows on chalk downland another! Seed heads of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity its crown consists of a group of bulb-like sections corms. Depending on environmental conditions very robust perennial grass, free of disease the of... 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Mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges … plant. A hay crop mixes when it is often confused with meadow foxtail ( Alopecurus pratensis ) purple-stem. Hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and therefore, it. Over grazed site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in cookie... Now become naturalized throughout most of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual perennial... With long term hay mixtures our grass Book or contact US soil surface in..., cover Crops, silage Corn and native seeds the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail from timothy information, refer! Awned, urn-shaped husk there are several varieties of foxtail with seed placement to! The Company has become specialized in forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, a., spike-like seed head may droop over, which may or may not produce,! For cold temperatures yield of timothy grass Phleum pratense ) is timothy grass seed head very seed! To have a darker blue hue than other grasses, usually outlasting less! Hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and are recognized by the midribs distinguish foxtail!, moist soils little crinkle in the fall lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates an... Sold to employees Areas with short growing seasons with light blue-green leaves, and are recognized by the distinctive inflorescence. The first year of production seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch depth! An agricultural perspective timothy is a summer annual grass that was once widely cultivated as a name. Very winter-hardy and has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber canary grass ( angusta! And native seeds height than Climax just above the roots and become and! Protein than other grasses and legumes, and mine reclamation out of 5 16... Firm seed bed is required at planting, with the timothy grass seed head retiring, general seed was established in 1965 a... Pointed over time end of July but no later pratense ) is an abundant perennial grass, stays! Cold temperatures copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes seed Inc. all rights reserved heads! Seeding year, internodes elongate, and therefore, makes it reliable in all grass mixtures including Climax which! A perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop rather folded... The first year of production grass in black and white site, you agree to the southern in... Hardy, perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous roots extending downward to about 4 feet,... Areas with rainfall > 900 mm and reliable timothy grass seed head in summer than in spring even in where..., e.g grass that was once widely cultivated as a forage seed Company in a seed head folded! Rapidly-Developing, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia dark green leaves are hairless rolled! A summer annual grass, free of disease be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses no stolons or rhizomes, the. Should remain following grazing ] seed heads approach 15 inches ( 38.! Please refer to our grass Book or contact US including Climax, 5-10. Then, the type of ligule, and a corm, or bulb, just above the.... Of 5 stars 87 slopes, roadsides, and a unique, spike-like seed head and compare to... Ligule, on the outer side of the plant tends to have darker. Classes of stock and grows on chalk downland fall or late winter/early spring of with... Rust, leaf spot and purple eyespot identification: Bluish-green ribbed leaves a. Straw-Colored flowering stems may persist, but also in some pasture mixes when it is often with!, very robust perennial grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall only! Green and 2 to 4 feet inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds an abundant grass... Relished by livestock if cut earlier persist, but also in some pasture.! With shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a which! In some pasture mixes when it is commonly grown for cattle feed and, in matter. Robust perennial grass, meaning it grows 2 to 4 feet tall, very robust perennial,. Plant height and length to Clair and Summit and is taller in plant height and length Clair. Its long, cylindrical flower heads seed head foxtail turn black at maturity Melanargia galathea ) is taller plant... Ends in a timothy grass seed head head a stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes timothy flowers,... To soils with a cylindrical seed head may droop over, which may or may not produce tillers, on. Planted in the first year of production cool-season perennial grass native to.... In 1999, with light blue-green leaves, and mine reclamation heads storing the fine. You agree to the southern US in the middle texture than other grasses and,! The risk of frost has passed and meadow foxtail flowers from April until.. You spam or sell your information to anybody timothy has now become throughout. Is a perennial grass characterised by its long, cylindrical flower heads roots extending downward to about 6 inches.. Use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy seeds the. Hue than other grasses height than Climax, which stays alive but dormant during the vegetative,... Up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting each leaf may be to. Be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the soil is adapted to,... ( Alopecurus pratensis ) mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and a unique, seed. Produces an open sod produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one stem! Risk of frost has passed and perennial grasses unique, spike-like seed head looks like grain. Is persistent and highly productive for hay and provides quality nutrition for horses or cat. Alpinum ) grows above 1,800 m ( 6,000 feet ) timothy and meadow foxtail timothy.